Thutmosis III | Rulers of Egyptian Pharaohs kings and 18th Dynasty | Discover Facts of Thutmose III and Hatshepsut relationship, Biography, Tomb, and death and more.
undoubtedly, King Thutmosis III is one of the greatest Pharaohs in Ancient Egyptian civilization during The New Kingdom of Ancient Egypt. We will try to explain his biography, life story, and military campaigns as a great conqueror.
We will clear the conflict between Queen Hatshepsut and Thutmosis III and if he is behind the defacing of Hatshepsut’s monuments or not. Meanwhile, how Thutmose came to the throne, his 17 battels into western Asia, and his tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
Discover Ancient Egyptian History and the first form of cultural diplomacy in history during the 18th Dynasty, New Kingdom of Egypt.
Who was Thutmose III?
Thutmosis III was the sixth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of The New Kingdom of Egypt. He was the son of Thutmosis II and the father of Amenophis II.
Names and titles of King Thutmosis III
From the Old Kingdom onwards, each king had five names, of which two of them did not appear frequently on monuments.
- Birth name (Nomen),
Djehutimes means Thoth is born
- Throne name (Prenomen),
Men kheper Ra Means Lasting is the Manifestation of Ra
- Golden Horus name,
Djoser khau means Sacred of appearances
- Nebty name,
Wah nesyt means Enduring of kingship
- Horus name
Ka nakht kha em Waset means the strong bull arising in Thebes
Born: 1482 BC
Died: 1425 BC
Reign: 54 YEARS
Dynasty: 18th Dynasty
Era: New Kingdom, Ancient Egyptian history
Predecessor Father: Thutmosis II
Successor: King Amenophis II
Mother: Iset or Isis
- Queen Merit Ra, mother of the crown prince Amenophis
- Queen Sat Iaah
- Queen Nebetu
Sons: 2 sons
- Amenhotep II
Daughters: 5 daughters
- Meritamun C
- Meritamun D
Tomb: Valley of the Kings in Luxor, Egypt, (KV 34)
How did King Thutmosis III come to power?
It is a bit complicated to explain how Thutmosis III came to power but to understand the situation we have to mention the story after his grandfather’s death. When Thutmosis I died in about 1518 BC, he left behind him a complicated situation for the successor of the throne.
His son Thutmosis II was a son of a minor wife Mutnefret and according to that, he had no right to become a king. Meanwhile, King Thutmosis I had a daughter (Hatshepsut) with his royal wife but she had no right to be the king.
Therefore, to solve the problem Hatshepsut married her half-brother Thutmosis II. That Marriage between Queen Hatshepsut and Pharoah Thutmosis II last for 14 years until the king died.
A Powerful Step-mother Hatshepsut
Thutmosis III suppose to be the king as he was declared by his dad related to the truth he knew about Hatshepsut, a strong and ambitious woman. Thutmosis III was young and his stepmother and aunt Hatshepsut acted as regents for the young king.
After 3 years as co-ruler, Hatshepsut usurped her stepson’s position and she ruled for 2o years independently.
With Hatshepsut’s death, Thutmosis III came to the throne of Egypt, and he brought Egypt to a level of prosperity and prestige. Pharoah Thutmosis III known as the Napoleon of Egypt and never lost any battle.
Was Thutmosis III a good pharaoh?
Thutmose (Thutmosis) III is known as one of the greatest pharaohs in the history of Ancient Egypt. He was a brilliant general who never lost a battle, and he owns the archetypal qualities of a great ruler. Besides, Thutmose III was described as a great horseman, archer, athlete, and discriminating patron of the arts.
The tombs of the Nobles on Luxor West Bank especially his vizier Rekhmira reflect how rich and lavish the life Nobles had at that time. Again, we can confirm that the prosperity and prestige Egypt had was reflected in the remarkable Pharaonic temples, Pharaonic tombs, and people’s lives.
The achievements of King Thutmose III
The obelisks of King Thutmose III
What gods did Thutmosis III worship?
- Thutmosis III was the sixth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of The New Kingdom of Ancient Egypt
- Prince Thutmosis III was the son of Thutmose II from a minor wife
- The Pharaoh Thutmosis reigned for about 54 years
- He is known as the Napoleon of Egypt
- Undoubtedly, he was a great conqueror
- King Thutmose III brought everything new he saw during his campaigns and designed it on the walls of the Botanical Garden
- Mummy of the king is missing its feet
- Thutmose’s Tomb in the Valley of the Kings is unique and the burial chamber takes an oval shape like the royal cartouche
- KV 34 in the Valley of the Kings is the only Pharaonic tomb that has a complete version of the Amduat (Ancient Egyptian funerary texts)
- Cleopatra’s Needle is among Thutmose III’s famous monuments and now they are in various places around the world. One of them is on the banks of the river Thames in London, England. While the second is in Central Park in New York City.
- Thutmose established the first Egyptian empire which stretched from Mesopotamia to the North East to Nubia in the South and from Libya to the West.
- He was well-trained as a military genius because He was responsible for the military affairs during the reign of Queen Hatshepsut.
- He was the supreme commander of the Egyptian Army
- His ingenious plan made him win the battle of Megiddo
- During these 17 campaigns, Thutmose and the Egyptian Army captured 350 cities.
- Fortunately, Egyptian Pharoah Thutmose used the cultural power of Egypt as cultural diplomacy tool to consolidate its rule and influence.
The controversy behind the defacing of Hatshepsut monuments
Military campaigns of Thutmosis
The achievements of King Thutmose III for external relations
Thutmosis III Death
Tomb of Thutmosis III in the Valley of the Kings | KV 34
In case you like to learn more about the Pharaonic history and Pharaonic Tombs and Pharaonic temples during the New Kingdom while discovering the ancient Egyptian civilization