Ancient Egyptian civilization | Facts Pharaohs, History Of Egyptian Pharaonic, Dynasties, Mysteries, Religion, and Writing | Development stages Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egyptians had a so-called sense of history as they did their best to keep archiving administrative records. In other words, we can say that the ancient Egyptians were curious about recording the past events they may know by ear and they fitted its image within the myth-world of ideology.
History is the shadow of Human beings on earth, the memory of the country. Also, a nation, which cannot recognize its history, is like a person who has lost his feelings. Overall, history should not attract us to the past and prevent us from developing. So, we have to free ourselves from the past and of course, we need to move on to developing rapidly.
The Egyptian civilization is one of the most important civilizations in the ancient world, and it is also one of the oldest civilizations whose history was written down.
The ancient Egyptian Civilization arose in Egypt in conjunction with the civilizations in Mesopotamia and the regions of northern Syria, and the need to organize and manage agricultural life matters, in particular, was a common factor among these ancient civilizations.
Ancient Egyptian civilization
A very long time ago more than 20000 years BC, the water coming from the upper plateau of Ethiopia and Sudan, heading to the north was fast as a flood. This water had not dug its basin, which we did not know yet.
Accordingly, man was not able to live close to it, for human beings were at that time a repellent factor and not an attractive one. Because of that, they escaped to the desert to live there as a Bedouin who relied on traveling from one place to another in search of food and drink from what the land offered them.
From nomads to civilized people
They lived as a food collector rather than a producer, drinking groundwater or rainwater, and eating the plants that grew around it. If the groundwater places dry up and the soil is depleted, they collect their simple needs and move to another place where these data are available. This Bedouin life was reflected in the basic elements of community life. Later on, with the erosion caused by the water flowing to the north and the small narrow river that we know today and the water was confined to it.
This, prepared man to settle on its banks in the north and south of the country, and the formation of the first stable human groups that turned into groups producing their food and not collecting them. From that moment on, we can talk about what we call ancient Egyptian civilization. This means, what man achieved in dealing with the environment where they already lived.
Ancient Egyptian history developed because of two factors, Physical and Human factors. And in the next few lines, we will differentiate between them.
Physical factors – Ancient Egyptian civilization
Physical factors had a significant influence on where and how the ancient Egyptian civilization (3100-1085 B.C.) developed here are some of the Physical factors
The Geographical situation (What role did geography play in the everyday life of Ancient Egyptians?)
The country is located between Africa and Asia and very close to Europe. Egypt is in the northeastern corner of Africa and Sinai is in Asia.
The eastern desert protects Egypt from the east and the western desert between the River Nile and Libya. To the south between Aswan and Khartoum, there are 6 cataracts and to the north, there is the Mediterranean Sea. All these features protected Egypt from the invasions of the neighboring nations. So, we can abbreviate that into 3 geographical features the Desert, the Delta, and the Fertile Land.
The desert was a barren place full of sand dunes, mountains, and cliffs. The desert was a dangerous place and therefore acted as a natural barrier between ancient Egypt and invading foreign armies.
The Delta was where right before the Mediterranean Sea, the Nile separated into several small branches, creating the marshy land known as the Delta.
The Fertile Land was a narrow strip of fertile land suitable for growing crops. It was fertilized by the silt deposited by the receding flood waters every year.
The climate is a natural factor and Egypt was and is still a very lucky country. Egypt enjoys a pleasant climate good for animals and human life alike. The same climate is perfect for plant growth and its dryness with differences in seasons temperature helped in the existence of varieties of crops leading to a kind of prosperity.
River Nile – Ancient Egyptian civilization
We mentioned how the smart people in the past settle on its banks in the north and south of the country, and the formation of the first stable human groups that turned into groups producing their food and not collecting them.
The river Nile provided irrigation, transportation, communication, drinking water, fish, and fowl. Nile River floodplain resulted in an annually renewable fertile soil which, when supplied with water by an irrigation system, was suitable for producing a significant food surplus, the basis for a civilization. We can also add that the sun and the river made the cause of existence. Two natural forces with both creative and destructive power.
The abundance of water in Egypt
Throughout Egyptian history and during the flood season, the abundance of water led developing communities to centralize along waterways due to the power and life-sustaining qualities that water provides. The Egyptians took advantage of the Nile flood to become farmers.
They planted wheat, barley, and flax seeds. Over time, they grow more than one crop yearly to feed themselves and their animals. They wisely used irrigation and dug basins, and canals to carry the water from the basins to fields and they built dikes to strengthen the basin walks.
The fertile the Nile Valley
The Nile Valley’s fertility enabled them from growing all crops, and vegetables necessary for their lives.
The Nile guaranteed them easy transport from one place to another and an abundance of primitive materials. The Nile helped in achieving prosperity and the continuous evolution of civilization in ancient Egypt.
Human Factor – Ancient Egyptian civilization
Herodotus mentioned that Egypt is the gift of the Nile but we can say that the Nile is not only in Egypt. The Nile passes through 13 African countries right now, not the same at that time and none of these countries did what ancient Egyptians did. The Ancient Egyptian man was smart and intelligent and he did his best in facing difficulties and directing them to his own benefit. Meanwhile, he achieved such civilization, so the right words are Egypt is the gift of the Nile and the Egyptians and can make Luxor Tours by Egypt Palma Tours.