Djoser | Zoser king Facts | Egyptian Pharaohs kings, Discover Djoser king life 3rd Dynasty in the Old Kingdom, Step Pyramid, Famine Stela.

Djoser | Ancient Egyptian Pharoah | Imhotep | Step Pyramid | Famine Stela

According to Manetho, Djoser was an ancient Egyptian Pharoah and the founder of the 3rd Dynasty, the first dynasty of the Old Kingdom. Djoser was the son of the last king of the 2nd dynasty Khasekhemwy and his wife queen Nimaathap. King Djoser ruled for 29 years between 2690-2660 BC.

Does Djoser the first or the second king of the 3rd dynasty?

According to Manetho, he was the first king of the 3rd Dynasty of the Old Kingdom but according to Turin Papyrus and Abydos Tablet Djoser was the 2nd king of the third dynasty. Sanakhte, is thought to be the first king of the 3rd dynasty and maybe was the brother of Djoser, they mentioned 18 years for his reign.

Is Djoser id the real name of the king?

The name which was written on all the monuments was the Horus Name Netjerikhet, which means (the divine of the body). But the name Djoser appears only in the late period, and it has been his birth name.

Who was Sanakhte (Nebka)?

These Names even if they are for one person or two persons were recorded by Turin Papyrus and Abydos Tablet as the founder of the 3rd dynasty. Furthermore, they give 18 years to Sanakhte as a king but most probably he was Djoser’s brother.

Do we have any monuments to Sanakhte?

The answer is yes, the red sandstone relief from Sinai shows the king wearing the red crown of Lower Egypt and smiting his enemies. A traditional scene will last till the end of the Egyptian Civilization. We still have no tomb for him but most probably he was buried in Saqqara.

Why then do we call Djoser the first king of the 3rd dynasty, the Old Kingdom?

One of the very important King list Turin King lists has noted Djoser’s name in red may mean how important he was. Meanwhile, he is at the head of an important era of ancient Egypt history.

Facts about King Djoser

Djoser was the first or the 2nd king of the 3rd dynasty

The King ruled Egypt for 29 years between 2690-2660B.C

The meaning of Djoser is the powerful

He was the son of king Khasekhemwy and his wife queen Nimaathap

Nimaathap, the mother carried the titles Mother of the King and mother of the king’s children

His wife’s name was Hetephernebti (Htp Hr Nbty)

His daughter was Inetkawes (Int Ka. s)

King Djoser’s name was not found anywhere or on any monuments until the 12th dynasty but was inscribed on the Famine Stela in Soheil Island (Sehel Island) in Aswan. The Famine Stele dates back to the Ptolemaic Era and it was discovered in 1888 and can visit by out Aswan Day Tours.

He extended the southern border of Egypt till the 1st cataract

He started exploiting the mineral wealth of the Sinai Peninsula in particular copper and turquoise

He built for himself two tombs, one a large mud-brick mastaba in Beit Khallaf while the 2nd is the famous step Pyramid at Saqqara

Step Pyramid complex contained many buildings connecting to the religious feast or the ritual ceremonies performed by the king like the Heb-Sed festival, one of the very famous and important ritual ceremonies celebrated during the Old Kingdom and can visit by our Cairo Tours.

The step pyramid in the intermediate stage between the mastaba and the true Pyramid

The King Pyramid is the oldest discovered pyramid in the world now

It is the first stone structure in the world till now

The complex was the work of Imhotep, the architect, and minister of the King Djoser

Imhotep was very famous in wisdom, magic, medicine, and architecture and the Greeks know him as Asclepius, the god of medicine

He owns the first life-size statue made of limestone was found in the Serdab beside the step pyramid in 1924

How did Djoser die?

We do not know precisely how he died but we know that Sekhemkhet followed him but their relationship is unknown. Djoser has a daughter called Inetkawes but no sons, so may Sekhemkhet marry her to be a king.

Where Djoser was buried?

Djoser was buried in his famous step pyramid at Saqqara

The 3rd Dynasty (2686-1613 B.C)

The consequences of the kings are as listed here