Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt | Ramessid dynasty Facts

History of 19th Dynasty ancient Egyptian and Pharaohs kings list, Facts about The End of the Nineteenth Dynasty.

The Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt is known as the Ramessid dynasty and this dynasty will witness later the end of the Amarna Period and the beginning of the stability and prosperity of the following Ramesside Period.

Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt | Ramessid dynasty Facts

The ruling of many kings was not originally royal blood like Ay, Horemheb, and Ramesses I made changes in the religion and political policies.

End of the Eighteenth Dynasty

The death of Akhenaten after a 17-year rule gives a starting point for the transition between the eighteenth Dynasty and the Nineteenth dynasties of Egypt. So, we can confirm that the reign of Semenkhkara, Tutankhamun, Ay, and Horemheb was just the beginning of the end of the 18th dynasty and the beginning of the 19th dynasty.

During the reign of those kings, we can surely see the rise of the Hittites to the point that Tutankhamun’s widow sent the Hittites king to send her one of his sons to continue the royal line because she had no sons with Tutankhamun. The Hittite king sent his son Zannanza but he was killed after he crossed the borders.

Ay, married her against her wishes because he was a very old man and he died after 4 years. Then Horemheb from Hierakonpolis near Fayoum ascended the throne. Simultaneously, Horemheb was a military man from a somewhat unknown family in Northern Egypt.

Later in his reign, it became clear that he would not be able to establish his own bloodline. Horemheb did his best to find someone between his allies to ensure his legacy. Horemheb reopen the temples, repair them, brought back Amun priests, and appoint priests from the army.

Overall, he divided the military between two commanders, one for the north and one for the south. He found Paramessu, a fortress commander who served as one of his two viziers. Paramessu, like Horemheb, came from a northern family and was not part of the Theban elite. He has a son also called Seti, who will rule after him.

Horemheb and Paramessu

Horemheb chose Paramessu as his successor and secured a succession not just after his death, but also following the death of Paramessu himself. When Horemheb died, Paramessu succeeded him, taking the name ‘Ra has birthed him’, Ra-mes-su, or Ramesses I. Ramesses however, did not rule long.

He died most likely after less than two years, leaving his relatively young son to rule as Seti I. As the 18th dynasty expanded Egypt’s sphere of interest through large-scale military campaigns in Nubia and Western Asia, so the 19th dynasty did.

The Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt Kings list

Ramesses I (1295–1294 B.C

Seti I (1294–1279 B.C)

Ramesses II (1279–1213 B.C)

Merneptah (1213–1203 B.C)

Amenmesse (1203–1200 B.C)

Seti II (1200–1194 B.C)

Siptah (1194–1188 B.C)

Tawosret (1188–1186 B.C)

The End of the Nineteenth Dynasty | The Fall of the Nineteenth Egyptian

The Nineteenth Dynasty started with Ramesses I who ruled Egypt after many kings were not originally of royal blood like Ay, and Horemheb.

Ramesses I himself was not of royal blood and he made changes in the religion and political policies. Upon his death, his son ruled Egypt as Seti I.

Seti I led a military campaign against the Shasu (local Bedouins), cities in the southern Levant, including Yenoam and Beth Shan, and he met the Hittites for the first time.

His follower Pharoah Rameses II was trained for kingship since he was young. During his 67 years, everything was done on a grand scale. By the time he died, aged more than 90, leaving behind him an old son Merenptah to rule the country. Merenptah ruled only 10 years and the decline of the dynasty started between his heirs. Amenmesse apparently usurped the throne from Merenptah’s son and successor, Seti II, but he ruled Egypt for only 4 years.

After his death, Seti regained power and destroyed most of Amenmesse monuments. Upon the death of Seti II “Sekhaenresetepenre, son of Re, lord of appearances, Rameses-Siptah ruled Egypt for short time 6 years.

After Siptah’s death, Twosret ruled Egypt for two more years. The Nineteenth Dynasty ended with a degree of confusion. Whether there was a short time between the end of Tawosret sole reign and the accession of Setnakhte, the founder of the 20th dynasty and can know more about History Of Egyptian when Booking Luxor Tours.